The chilli pepper is the fruit of the plants ‘Capsicum annum’ and ‘Capsicum frutescens’. These fruits are small in size and are known for their sharp acidic flavour and distinctive colour. Chillies are said to have originated in Latin America, and are currently used throughout the world as a spice and in the making of beverages and medicines. Chilli powder is obtained by crushing es. Chilli is rich in vitamins A, C and E. According to The Complete Book on Fruits, Vegetables and Food Processing published by Dr. H. Panda, chillies are the most widely used spice in the world accounting for approximately 17% of total spice trade in the world, in terms of volume.